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Moldova

Land of Outside Painted Orthodox Monasteries

Moldova

Situated on the eastern part of the Carpathians, paralell to them, and limited in the east from the Republic of Moldova by the river Prut, Moldova is reaching from the Ukraniean border in the north to the the Danube and the harbor of Galati in the south.

Moldova is the fist historical provence of Romania who was organised as independent state in 1359 with the first capital near the city of Neamt . Due to the development of the kingdom and the diversity of rulers from different noble families, the capital changed several times from Siret to Radauti, Roman, Vaslui, Suceava, Iasi ... This is why each one of this cities impresses trough it's princerly courts, churches and constructions . Iasi, the modern capital of Moldova, impresses by it's divresity of constructions. It is also the city where the first university of Romania was foundated (1860). Some of the most important characters of Romania's culture started their studies and career in Iasi, like Mihai Eminescu (national poet), Ion Luca Caragiale (national playwriter), Ion Creanga (national novel writer), Nicolae Iorga (most important Romanian historian) and also many more. 1918, Moldova unificated with the other historical provences and foudated the new state Romania, but after WWII the eastern part of the provence was lost in favour of the Soviet Union. This region is called today Republic of Moldova.

Moldova is also the most religious Romanian provence, proven especially by cities like Suceava and Iasi, where the beauty and plentity of churches impresses the eye, but also by the number of monasteries dating back over five centuries. The beauty of this monasteries located especially in the northern part of the provence, also known as southern Bucovina, was internationally recongnised as Unesco included them on it's World Cultural Heritage list.

But we can also find tracks of the Habsburgic Empire in this region, due to the short occupation of southern Bucovina by the Empire. Also very important was the jewish minority attested already in 1353. The first jewish theatre in the world was opened 1876 in Iasi. Today's Jewish minority is insignificant, due to the deportantions organised during WWII and to the massive emigrations to Israel after 1950. Also very interesting is the Armenian church of Iasi where we can find the first mention of the settlement dating back to 1310 .

The diversity and mixture of cultures and constructions, the monasteries with exterior frescoes, the historical tracks of the first independent Romanian provence - these are only some of the reasons which make Moldova a very interesting region to visit.


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