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Transylvania

Medieval Saxon Peasant Fortifications

Transylvania

The largest historical Romanian provence lyes in the middle of the country and is surrounded by the Carpathian mountains. It's name "Transylvania" aswell as the other old romanian names describe the region very well: "the region between the forrests". The saxon name of "Siebenb ürgen " means "the region of the seven castles", because during the medieval period as the austrians occupied Transylvania there were only seven castles with the righ to a judge.

Transylvania's history is strongly connected to the Hungarian and the Austrian Empires as german settlers arrived in this area already 800 AD and Transylvania was included in the Hungarian and afterwards in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire until the end of WWI when it united with the other Romanian provences to forme the state of Romania.

The massive collonisation by the saxons after the turn of the 1 st millenium brings the first larger written statements of the fortification of several Transylvanian cities like Sibiu, Sighisoara, Brasov, Cluj-Napoca. Before the revolution of 1989, the hungarian, german and romanian population of Transylvania equaled in number and bilinguality was very common (proven also by the double names for every city in the different languages). It is a region of contrasting cultures and customs.

But it's history is much older, as several regions and towns of Transylvania are attested more than 2000 years ago and bear latin or greek names. Inspite the german influence for over 1000 years, the territory preserves it's romanian / latin character and culture, which makes Transylvania even more interesting.

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